25 0 obj Because of the. Dissemination of the crop to Africa, Asia, Europe and the importance of groundnut, the demand far exceeds output. The Agricultural Colleges do short course training on groundnut production and groundnut processing. For instance, it is hydrogenated to make vanaspati or vegetable ghee. Although they are high in fat, it can be said to be the good kind of fat as it is a monounsaturated fat. The importance of the way we extract Coconut Oil is this: We extracted it out of Coconut Oil cake. Nitro PDF Professional (6, 0, 0, 29) ii) Groundnut kernel is rich and cheap source of vegetable portein. 2.2. Oilseeds Oil Cake Protein In cake ----- In seed Groundnut 40 52 50 26 Rapeseed 40 56 52 29 Sesame 44 40 40 22 Sunflower 44 37 43 16 Soybean 18 79 46 36 1.3 Primary product After crushing or expelling annual oilseeds yield edible vegetable oils, fats, soapstock and the protein-rich presscake. Submit your stories now via social or: Thank you! One lb. groundnut cake as major protein source and the experimental diets T1, T2, T3 and T4 were formulated by replacing groundnut cake by soybean meal at 25, 50, 75 and 100 percent levels respectively (T able1). And being a rich source of foliate, studies have shown that it reduces the incidence of birth defects and anaemia related conditions. Ground nut oil is one of the important edible oils. Importance of Groundnut in Indian Economy 3 During 1980-2006 periods, the global groundnut area grew by 1.0% yield by 2.4% and production by 3.4% annually during the same period, the growth rates for Asia were 0.6%, 3.2% and 3.8% respectively. The crude protein could be as high as 45% and the nutritive value is close to soybean. ... Groundnut cake was one of the major cattle feed ingredients in the peri-urban area of Hyderabad (Andhra Pradesh, India) and >75% of the samples contained >100 µg/kg aflatoxin, leading to a high level of aflatoxin M1, in milk samples. For Africa these … Groundnut, an important cash crop, is an annual pulse. Groundnut kernels are also used for the preparation of food products like chikkis, groundnut milk, butter, curd including different bakery products. Groundnut kernel is … The proximate Effect of Replacing Groundnut cake by soybean meal Here are some of the mind-blowing health benefits of groundnut: Groundnut skins are rich in phenolic compounds, which go to say that they are antioxidant rich. ALSO READ: All you need to know about lupus, the deadly autoimmune disease. It is a well-known fact that when it comes to overall growth and development, the importance of vitamins cannot be overemphasized. The oil we so extract is non-edible and is used in making soap, cosmetics, paints and other products. The oil content of groundnut differs in both quantity and the relative proportion of fatty acids. And being a … %ÿÿÿÿ Economic importance. The diets were made isocaloric and isonitrogenous by adjusting the other ingredients. It is extensively used in cookery as a salad oil. Kernels are used directly as food or snacks for human consumption. After oil extraction, groundnut cake … And some of these minerals include magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, zinc, calcium, sodium, etc. Twelve fatty acids have been reported in groundnut but eight major fatty acids constitute 98% of fatty acids in groundnut [2, 3]. For people in many developing countries, groundnuts are the principal source of digestible protein (25 to 34%), cooking oil (44 to 56%), and vitamins like thiamine, riboflavin, and niacin (Savage and Keenan, 1994). It is one of the most important and valuable feed for all types of livestocks and one of … The cake is believed to be rich in proteins, carbohydrates, crude fibre and minerals [10]. endstream Groundnut Farming, Groundnut is a crop that has a very high demand because of its usefulness in our economy. Groundnut Cake, Cattle Feed & Coconut Oil Cake Manufacturer offered by Ananth Oil Extractions Pvt. These minerals are needed by our body to function well. The data was collected from 300 farmers in the Northern, Upper East and Upper West regions coupled by eighty 80 distributors, 60 processors and 100 consumers respectively in the Brong-Ahafo and Greater Accra Regions. At the 18% dietary protein level, a mixture of sunflower and groundnut cakes gave decidedly higher weight gain than either of the two cakes alone. Eyewitness? 26 0 obj Coronavirus - Ethiopia: COVID-19 reported cases in Ethiopia (31 December 2020), COVID-19: Lagos CP says he ordered closure of nightclubs not churches, Coronavirus: African Union Member States reporting COVID-19 cases as of 31 December 2020, 6 pm EAT. Groundnuts are mainly processed for oil in several developing countries. Peanuts are a very nutritious food. The quality attributes that are important for end uses of groundnut vary among the developed and developing countries. Groundnuts thrive under Mix oil cake pieces and Super Phosphate and NPK ratio 2:2:1 16.16.8 TE with original finish applied to plants by spraying all around the base and install it, using 3-5 g / small tree; 6 -10g / medium tree, 10-15g / big trees, a mixture of compost fertilizer month once. Its average oil content is 40-45%, which makes it one of the best oil-breeding seeds. When it comes to the healthiness of our cells, protein is essential. It is used for the manufacture of vanaspathi. The groundnut cake has several uses in feed and infant food formulations [1]. Uses of Groundnut: The peanuts (seeds) are used for roasting or salting and for the preparation of peanut butter. of peanuts yields 2700 cal. 1 INTRODUCTION Groundnut cake is a by-product obtained after extraction of oil from groundnut. Groundnut provides our body with essential vitamins, which helps in regulating metabolism, converting fat and carbohydrates into energy, and facilitating bone and tissue formation. the nutritional importance of groundnut cake and its suitability for incorporation into traditional and conventi onal products, it is hereby suggested that a small to medium scale production of Training and research. Groundnut meal; Groundnut meal or groundnut cake has been a conventional protein source in feeding pigs. Groundnut oil cake / pea nut meal. It is however low in methionine and lysine and marginal in tryptophan. Various food and feed samples including groundnut seed, maize, sorghum, soyabean cake, groundnut cake, cotton cake, poultry feed, buffalo milk, cow milk and milk powders were collected from farmers' fields, farmer's stores, oil millers storage, traders' storage, retail shops and supermarkets. 25 g of diatomaceous earth and 20 ml water were added and the flask was rotated. Groundnut oil is generally used as a cooking medium and it may be processed into different products. Groundnut Groundnut and its products have wide variety of uses as roasted nuts and proteinaceous products. It is also rich in calcium, potassium, phosphorus, magnesium and Analysis of Costs and Returns of Groundnut Processing in Taraba State, Nigeria. As stated in the introduction, groundnut is a rich source of minerals. The filtered refined oil is used for cooking and in making margarine. stream A large number of food products are prepared as well from groundnuts - Boiled nuts, roasted nuts, salted nuts, groundnut milk, groundnut yogurt, groundnut bars, groundnut butter, groundnut cheese, and As earlier stated, groundnut contains monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats that keep the heart healthy. About two seeds of world production is crushed for oil and the remaining one third is consumed as food. And according to recent studies, the skins have an abundant amount of natural antioxidants and a high content of dietary fiber. Groundnut cake is a good feed for livestock and it is also used as manure. Groundnuts have been shown to be an extremely high source of plant protein and medical practitioners have advised that it should be incorporated in the diet for children, vegetarians, and protein deficient people. Oilseed cakes such as groundnut cake, cottonseed cake, sunflower cake at the rate of 50 to 100 g per sheep per day can be fed in any season of the year. Vitamins do not only ensure vital health for cells and tissues, they also helps in fighting infections; thereby ensuring smooth functioning of our organs. It is used for food and also as an ingredient in confectionary products, amongst others. endobj It’s one of the important feed ingredients and a source of protein. Thus, the need is to increase. In Nigeria, Groundnut provides high quality cooking oil and is an important source of protein for both human and animal diet and also provides much needed foreign exchange by exporting kernels and cake (Nautiyal, 1999). The cake was in the form of flakes and was powdered, using a household grinder, before use so as to minimize voids inside the reactor as well as to fill maximum amount of cake into the reactor. As population continues to grow the demand for edible oil in many developing countries such as Nigeria will also continue to grow. Groundnut oil and butter are good cooking material. At 18–26% dietary protein, groundnut cake proved inferior to sunflower cake for growth and feed efficiency. The major groundnut oil and cake producing countries are shown in Table 3. privacy policy and European users agree to data transfer policy. "Sabi"   clique, By clicking again you agree to our Performance of the groundnut value chain in Ghana was analysed by collecting primary data through the use of semi-structured questionnaire. Groundnut oilcake has about 40-47% protein which is very rich in arginine and deficient in cystein, tryptophan, methionine and lysine, but good source of Vitamin B12 and calcium. Some of the science-based health benefits of groundnut are an improvement of the heart and brain health, body tissue repairs, reducing the risk of cancer, … Uses of groundnut: can be eating (as fried, roasted or boiled), groundnut oil, making groundnut cake, feed for livestock etc. Groundnut, which is also known as peanut or pignut, contains magnesium; foliate, vitamin E, copper, and arginine: They are believed to lessen the risk of cardiovascular disease. According to a 2012 study from North Carolina University, published in the "Journal of Food Science," it was reported that adding a 5 percent concentration of peanut (groundnut) skins to peanut butter significantly increased its antioxidant levels without sacrificing taste or texture. Groundnut is consumed raw, roasted, blanched, as peanut butter, crushed and mixed with traditional dishes as a sauce or as binyebwa, a cooked paste. You have successfully subscribed to receive our newsletter pulse.ng, Don't miss a thing, get the latest updates to fuel your conversation daily, All you need to know about lupus, the deadly autoimmune disease. iii) Oil is used for making soap. IMPORTANCE AND BYPRODUCTS UTILIZATION OF OILSEEDS . Groundnut cake obtained after extraction of oil is used as valuable organic manure and feeding material for … <, Effect of Replacing Groundnut cake by soybean meal on Performance of Broilers. They are powerful substances, which prohibit (and in some cases even prevent), the oxidation of other molecules in the body. 2009-07-10T17:41:17Z 250 ml chloroform was added, and the flask was securely stoppered and was shaken on a wrist action shaker for 30 min and the solution was filtered through filter paper. Groundnut plays an important role in the diets of rural populations, particularly children, because of its high contents of protein and carbohydrate. Nitro PDF Professional (6, 0, 0, 29) If the farmers find this too expensive then follow this for cheap goat feed or cheap sheep feed, by providing groundnut cake soaked drinking water. With both cakes, broilers performed better at higher levels of dietary protein. By products like cakes and meals are animal feed components contains 40-50% protein, 6-12% fat and traces of vitamins. For a flock of 100 sheep, this amounts to 5 to 10 kg oil seed cake. South African Groundnut Forum Tel: 011 234 3400 . The oilcake is used as fodder. (Woodroof, 1983). Join the 2009-07-10T17:41:20Z It is rich in fatty acids and proteins. Groundnut cake is a good feed for livestock and it is also used as manure. <> Groundnut cake powder (50 g) was transferred into 500 ml conical flask with stopper. i) Groundnut oil is edible, used in cookery and in the manufacture of vanaspathi. Its cake is used as feed for making other food products and haulms provide quality fodder. Groundnut only takes about three (3) – … Groundnut cake is a livestock feed, mostly used by cattle as protein supplements. Effect of Replacing Groundnut cake by soybean meal on Performance of Broilers Groundnut oil meal refers to solvent extracted residue and two grades (Grade I & grade II) are available in the market. This is with regard to the different types, be it light-roasted or dark-roasted. After the extraction of the oil, the residual cake is usually utilized as a component of animal feeds. 2009-07-10T17:41:20Z Groundnut provides our body with essential vitamins, which helps in regulating metabolism, converting fat and carbohydrates into energy, and facilitating bone and tissue formation. Madzivhandila College, for example, offers a course in peanut butter making. The oil cake is fed to the livestock. uuid:573b09c7-d0cd-41a2-be63-fe1a9d9d13bc %PDF-1.4 Peanut oil is important food oil. And this is great for the great for the healthy condition of the heart because a good level, of both monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats, help to lower blood cholesterol levels as well as reducing the risk of coronary heart diseases. And this is because the cells in our body are constantly being replaced and repaired and to ensure that the new cells are healthy, and the damaged ones repaired well, the need for protein cannot be overemphasized. Groundnut is an excellent source of oil for cooking and groundnut cake and haulms (straw, stems) are commonly used as animal feed. Its seeds are a rich source of edible of protein (25.28). Even though it is a good protein source, the cake obtained after … application/pdf The groundnut de-oiled cake used in the experiment was bought from a fodder shop from a local market of Rourkela, Orissa, India. It adds value to human health and lifestyle in any form whether in a raw form, cooked, roasted or otherwise. 1.1 THE GROUNDNUT CROP 1.1.1 ORIGIN, DISTRIBUTION AND STATISTICS The cultivated groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) is an ancient crop of the New World, which originated in South America (southern Bolivia/north west Argentina region) where it was cultivated as early as 1000 B.C. Antioxidants, on the hand, help p protect the body from oxidative stress, which occurs in cases of various cancers and diseases. In many countries, groundnut cake and haulms (straw stems) are used as livestock feed. Groundnut is an important source of high quality protein and oil. Importance of mycotoxins in food and feed in India . It is, however, important to note that adequate supply of these minerals ensure a healthy heart as well as minimizing the risk of mineral deficient diseases.