This will mean a lot for our ability to bring you news, perspectives and analysis from the ground so that we can make change together. 0000001248 00000 n For more information, call the ATSDR Information Center at 1-800-232-4636. Vizag gas leak: How acute exposure to Styrene gas harms human body in the short and long term. Several epidemiologic studies suggest there may be an association between styrene exposure and an increased risk of leukaemia and lymphoma. This public health statement tells you about styrene and the effects of exposure to it. Speaking to media, RK Meena, Commissioner of Police, Vizag said that it was styrene that leaked from the plant. Recent case of leakage: The gas leaked, Styrene is also known as Vinylbenzene or Cinnamene or Ethenylbenzene or Phenylethylene, which is a synthetic hazardous and toxic chemical. Gastrointestinal effects are also some of the negative effects of styrene on health. At 100 °C it will polymerise at a rate of ~2% per hour, and more rapidly than this at higher temperatures. New Delhi: A chemical gas leakage at LG Polymers Plant in the city of Visakhapatnam in Andhra Pradesh early Thursday morning has claimed many lives. The gas leak and the rapid deaths raises questions on the nature of the compound and its effect on humans. The FDA's data shows exposures to styrene from the use of polystyrene food packaging products remain extremely low, more than 10,000 times below the safety limit set by FDA. 0000001806 00000 n Long-term effects include developing leukaemia and headaches. Follow our special coverage of Coronavirus pandemic in India and get news updates from around the world. It is the most harmful in its most basic form as a monomer (a single unit of styrene). When humans are exposed to styrene, it causes eye irritation and gastro-intestinal effects. 0000002453 00000 n 0000002152 00000 n More than 1000 people have remained in an unconscious state as soon as they inhaled the poisonous styrene chemical. It is used in the production of polystyrene plastics and resins. measured in 17 reinforced plastics plants. 3. The police and army officials are working on the evacuation process in the nearby areas. It also has some long term effects … The styrene gives out irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire only. In this review, the toxicological effects of styrene on humans, animals, and plants are discussed. The gas was leaked from South Korean electronics manufacturer LG’s styrene plant in Vizag, Andhra Pradesh. Styrene oxide is considered toxic and possibly mutagenic. Chronic (long-term) exposure to styrene in humans results in effects on the central nervous system, such as headache, fatigue, weakness and depression, central nervous system dysfunction and hearing loss. A short-term exposure to the substance can result in respiratory problems, irritation in the eyes, irritation in the mucous membrane, and gastrointestinal issues. Acute (short-term) exposure to styrene in humans results in mucous membrane and eye irritation, and gastrointestinal effects, according to the US … The effects of Styrene on health can be very severe. The gas leak occurred at the LG Polymers chemical plant in the city’s RR Venkatapuram in the early hours of Thursday at around 2 am. It is a colourless liquid with a sweet smell. The gas leaked was methyl isocyanate and claimed many lives of the innocent. ]�/�\Z��l��u?g��+/�n̻��>�B/��iG�uI��~-��MkZ�����i�)[.� �t�ƚ��]:ūŹ��6�+�Z����n�t��k��_v4��ώ���FA�������t�bKˀ�X#�R�i���R� dC�Ji��&%5��J�d 0000004688 00000 n It is reported as a gas leak, not fire blast, that means it was not the cause. Since 1994, additional toxicity tests have been carried out on aquatic organisms. H�b```f``y������� Ȁ ��@�����s�A *8��������{D�Hd�X�X ��O�V [b���۴͋%v^�jQؕ+$(ˬ���Ҝ�[�˯j'm� It can react with the oxygen and form styrene dioxide which is very lethal. 0000003872 00000 n Exposures to styrene in humans can cause a respiration problem. Although its effects on humans and aquatic life have been studied, the data on short- or long-term exposures to plants, birds, and land animals are insufficient to be conclusive. Styrene is neither gas nor volatile because its boiling temperature is 145 degrees centigrade. The Centre for Science and Environment (CSE), a Delhi-based think tank, has come out with an assessment of the styrene gas leak that occurred in the plant of … Track Latest News Live on NDTV.com. The leak occurred early morning May 7, 2020 at a private plastic making plant owned by LG Polymers Pvt Ltd, a part of South Korean conglomerate LG Corp. containing plants, e.g. %PDF-1.3 %���� 0000047352 00000 n The gas leak occurred at the LG Polymers plant which makes products using chemical substance styrene. The leak has spread in a radius of 3 km around the chemical plant at RR Venkatapuram close to Gopalapatnam. It also impacts the outer layer of tissues in the skin causing erosion and bleeding in the short term The effects of exposure to any hazardous substance depend on the dose, the duration, how you are exposed, personal traits and habits, and whether other chemicals are present. Styrene is a colorless liquid gas that evaporates easily. Polystyrene is a versatile plastic used to make a wide variety of consumer products. Styrene will polymerise spontaneously to polystyrene, without the need of external initiators. 0000002223 00000 n e�h+?{�+�lTW�!����M��9�������N�Tݥ&�. Styrene gas, when inhaled, can cause several symptoms such as nausea, headache, weakness, etc. Used in the manufacturing of polystyrene plastics, fiberglass, rubber, and latex, Styrene is a flammable liquid. 0000004895 00000 n An unfortunate incident in Visakhapatnam in Andhra Pradesh on Thursday struck terror in the lives of people and it wasn't about the deadly coronavirus. Context: A gas leak, reminiscent of the , has claimed at least 11 lives and affected thousands of residents in five villages in Visakhapatnam in Andhra Pradesh.. Two 5000-tonne tanks at the plant leaked out styrene, after remaining unattended due to the ongoing lockdown. 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While this may contribute to indoor levels of styrene, the effect on total emissions to the environment is negligible. VizagGasLeak: What is Styrene gas and how it effects? Some of the long term effects include headaches, depression, fatigue and weakness, hearing loss, balance and concentration problems, cancer. It is also regarded as hazardous and carcinogen. 0000001828 00000 n The polymerisation reaction is exothermic; hence, there is a real risk of thermal runawayand explosion. Better styrene control was sought experimentally by investigating the effects of unidirectional airflow on a worker’s exposure, by testing local exhaust and local air supply ventilation methods in controlling laminator’s exposure and by examining the possibilities to improve local ventilation using an automatically moving ventilation unit. It is widely used to make plastics and rubber. The source of the gas leak was a styrene plant owned by South Korean electronics giant LG, located at RRV Puram near Gopalapatnam, 15 km from Visakhapatnam. A poisonous gas leak from a styrene plant owned by LG, located about 15 km from the coastal city of Vizag, caused over ten deaths due to prolonged exposure to the gas. Now, styrene is the suspected gas leaked at LG polymers. Styrene gas is poisonous, inflammable and could have triggered explosions at the Vizag plant. 0000044595 00000 n 0000001087 00000 n Acute (short-term) exposure to styrene in humans results in mucous membrane and eye irritation, and gastrointestinal effects, according to the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). The officials stated that the leaked gas is styrene which can be toxic to the human body. Hundreds of people fell sick following a gas leak at a chemical plant. 2. Styrene can stay in the air for several days. 565 0 obj << /Linearized 1 /O 568 /H [ 1248 580 ] /L 268713 /E 76439 /N 16 /T 257294 >> endobj xref 565 19 0000000016 00000 n 0000004130 00000 n Its mode of entry and methods of monitoring its presence are examined. The source of the leak was a styrene plant owned by South Korean electronics giant LG, located at RRV Puram near Gopalapatnam, about 15 kms from the coast city.. Consumer products containing styrene include: packaging materials, insulation for electrical uses (i.e., wiring and appliances) ,insulation for homes and other buildings, fiberglass, plastic pipes, automobile parts, drinking cups and other items. A gas leak, reminiscent of the 1984 Bhopal tragedy, has claimed at least 11 lives and affected thousands of residents in five villages in Visakhapatnam in Andhra Pradesh. Here is a look at the chemical substance and its harmful effects — Chemical plant situated in a densely populated area; styrene gas reportedly spread over a radius of 3 km affecting five villages; about 2,000 people were evacuated from nearby areas; A.P. Occurrence in air Styrene emissions reported to the European Union by member countries (8) are shown in Table 1. tech2 News Staff May 07, 2020 13:14:32 IST. trailer << /Size 584 /Info 560 0 R /Root 566 0 R /Prev 257283 /ID[<665b43febbaeb5c82e21b8124215c5ec><4e25f1484bc3e27e915cb18ffdc59a2c>] >> startxref 0 %%EOF 566 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Pages 563 0 R /Metadata 561 0 R /Outlines 115 0 R /OpenAction [ 568 0 R /XYZ null null null ] /PageMode /UseNone /PageLabels 559 0 R /StructTreeRoot 567 0 R /PieceInfo << /MarkedPDF << /LastModified (D:20031030152712)>> >> /LastModified (D:20031030152712) /MarkInfo << /Marked true /LetterspaceFlags 0 >> >> endobj 567 0 obj << /Type /StructTreeRoot /RoleMap 141 0 R /ClassMap 144 0 R /K [ 516 0 R 517 0 R 518 0 R ] /ParentTree 526 0 R /ParentTreeNextKey 15 >> endobj 582 0 obj << /S 423 /O 513 /L 529 /C 545 /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 583 0 R >> stream The plant uses … The central nervous system is affected by exposure to styrene … The raw material, styrene, is highly flammable and releases a poisonous gas when burnt. Health Effects Of Styrene. The styrene gas that leaked from LG Polymers which has killed at least seven people and created panic in several areas of Visakhapatnam leading to fleeing of homes in the vicinity of the plant … The gas was confirmed to be styrene or vinyl benzene by RK Meena, the district commissioner of police. A literature search was recently undertaken to identify information about the toxicity of styrene and its breakdown products to terrestrial plants through atmospheric exposure, An example is the 2019 explosion of the tanker Stolt Groenland; in this incident 5,250 metric tons of styren… The styrene gas leak in Visakhapatnam triggered acute breathlessness among many men, some of whom were asphyxiated to death. Mumbai: Sometime before dawn on May 7, a toxic gas – thought to be styrene – leaked from the storage unit of a plastics-manufacturing plant in … Vijayawada: Andhra Pradesh Officials have reported that Styrene is the chemical that leaked from the LG Polymers plant in Vizag on Thursday morning. The plant in Andhra Pradesh is owned by South Korean battery maker LG Chemical Ltd, and is located around 14 kilometers away from Visakhapatnam city. The company makes products used in manufacturing electric fan blades, cups and cutlery and containers for cosmetic products such as makeup. 0000000731 00000 n However, the evidence is inconclusive due to multiple chemical exposures and inadequate information on the levels and duration of exposure, the EPA says. And long-term exposure could drastically affect the central nervous system and lead to other related problems like peripheral neuropathy. 0000002193 00000 n 0000044674 00000 n Styrene is primarily used in production of polystyrene plastics and resins. Published by GulteDesk May 07, 2020 As we know, in a horrifying incident, at least eight people, including a child, died after a Styrene gas leaked from the LG Polymers plant in Vizag on Thursday morning. As a hard, solid plastic, it is often used in products that require clarity, such as food packaging and laboratory ware, according to Chemical Safety Facts. The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) strictly regulates all food packaging materials, including polystyrene. Styrene is highly flammable and releases a poisonous gas when burnt and when inhaled it can cause a burning sensation in the eyes, difficulty in breathing, nausea, dizziness, gastrointestinal problems, headache and several other such complications, warn experts . 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